There are no substitutes for being active when it comes to keeping your bones, muscles, and joints healthy. But there can be times when injuries happen while exercising, and such mishaps often involve the knee and ankle, says Dr. Prashant Arya, who is considered to be the best knee ligament injury doctor in North Kolkata.

Can you relate to the above-mentioned claims? Regular exercising is quite important, but you might end up injuring yourself while doing certain workout sets or stretches. Having a wrong posture during exercise often leads to injury.

Did you know the knee joint is the largest joint in your body? Here is a breakdown for you.

The Basic Anatomy of Knee Joint

The knee joint has three bones, including:

  • The femur (thigh bone)
  • Tibia (shinbone)
  • Patella (kneecap)

Aside from the bones, the knee joint consists of

Articular Cartilage: It is a thick, slippery substance that covers the surface of the knee joint. It helps the knee to move smoothly during the transition.

Meniscus: This acts like a cushion that remains between the shinbone and the thigh bone. The meniscus acts like a shock absorber and balances the joint while running or exercising.

ACL and PCL: The anterior cruciate ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament control your leg’s forward and backward movement, respectively.

LCL and MCL: Lateral collateral ligament and medial collateral ligament are responsible for controlling excessive knee movement and stabilize the joint, especially during the side-to-side movement.

Tendons: The quadriceps muscle attaches to the kneecap via its tendon in the front of the thigh.

How do Knee Injuries Happen?

Knee Fractures: The bones around the knee can be broken due to an injury to the knee joint, such as a car accident or a fall. This is one of the most common forms of fracture around the knee.

Dislocation: This happens when one of the bones of the knee joint is not in its place anymore after an injury. Structural damage and contact sports often lead to knee dislocation.

ACL And PCL Injuries: ACL and PCL injuries lead to instability and painful knees, respectively. An improper landing following a jump, contact sports, or rapid changes in direction while moving in a fast motion lead to ACL injury. A strong, sudden force on the bent knee can cause the PCL injury.

Meniscus Tears: A tear in the meniscus can happen anytime while you are involved in a sports activity. However, a meniscal tear can also occur due to ageing.

What are the Treatment Options for Ligament Injury?

Following are some of the early medicinal treatment modalities used by the ligament specialist doctor for a knee ligament injury:

  • Application of ice pack (to lessen swelling)
  • Compression (from a protective knee brace or an elastic bandage)
  • Pain-relieving medicines

Knee ligament repair is a procedure for treating a complete tear of a knee ligament that causes knee instability. Normal activities like bending or turning at the knee become impossible for people with broken knee ligaments. It is possible that the knee could buckle or “give-way.” Ligament replacement surgery can be an appropriate cure if medical therapies prove to be ineffective.

Dr. Prashant Arya is the best ligament surgeon you can trust. Damage caused to the ACL, PCL, LCL, and MCL can be repaired using one of the two techniques. To repair a torn ligament in a highly active patient, an ‘autograft’ is generally used by Dr. Arya. An “autograft” is when a patient’s own tendon (patellar or hamstring tendon) is used to perform the surgical repair.

Alternatively, an ‘allograft’ ligament repair can be used in patients who want a faster recovery and do not compete at high-level athletics. It involves the use of a donor ligament to restore function to a patient’s knee.